# How To Calculate Percentage Passing In Sieve Analysis

(3) Calculate the percent passing (or percent finer) by starting with 100 percent and subtracting the percent retained on each sieve as a cumulative procedure. ) or larger diameter sieves to. Plasticity Index. 200 (75 µm) sieve. How to estimate Sand Silt and Clay percentage according to USDA soil texture classification if Gravels are present in the soil ? (e. 200 sieve is critical to the proposed use, the district laboratory engineer has the authority to require a washed gradation in addition to or in place of dry sieving. There are two classification scales used for sieves: the US Sieve Series and the Tyler Mesh Size or Tyler Standard Sieve Series. Apply the Aggregate Correction Factor to the calculated percent passing, as required in the FOP for AASHTO T 308 "Correction Factor" Steps 10 through 12, to obtain the. Note that to gain more accuracy, it might be worth doing 2 or 3 analyses of the same sand and then take the average reading. d) For each sieve size used, compute N i, the percentage by mass of the soil sample that is finer than the ith sieve size. Sieve Analysis Calculation Pdf 062 mm (from coarse silt to coarse sand) - a relatively accurate method for determining depositional hydrology and for refining sedimentary environments. Calculate the total combined. The final total of the weights retained on each sieve should be within 0. The percentages passing 75 J. The percent of sample passing through No. The resulting distribution is therefore wider than the sieve analysis result. 2 Method B— The percentage (by mass) passing each sieve size is recorded to the nearest 0. For this reason the ASTM version of the test may show slightly less material retained on the 2. - aggregate sieve analysis report number of tests ***** percent passing ***** 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % passing sieve size mm. The results of the sieve analysis may be recorded graphically on a semi-log graph with a particle size as abscissa (log scale) and the percentage smaller than the specified diameter as ordinate. separation of the soil on the No. Calculate the cumulative percent passing through the n th sieve, = Percent finer = 100 - S Rn or 100 - Column 7. By measuring the percent of material that remains on each screen, we can classify a material by its size distribution. So if you see the following gradation: #4 100%. 65 % Mechanical analysis depends on measuring mass of particles; whereas image analysis depends on measuring the number of particles. When the results differ by more than 1 percent absolute, carry out a third sieving and calculate the mean of the three. The results of both tests are shown here in Figure 1. Example for Sieve Analysis Chart. mininglab KATE 12,741 views. Mass passing through a 75-microns sieve = 77 gm. From this, you can calculate the percentage retained on each sieve, and correspondingly, the percentage passing. 3 A washed gradation, utilizing an appropriate alternate procedure as described in. Because the screens receive material from both crushers, a sieve analysis must be done for both crushers. Calculate the cumulative percent passing through the n th sieve by the following equation: Cumulative percent passing = percent finer = 100 − ∑ j = 1 i = n R n 14. Remove lid and slide lid vertically into the groove in the centre of the first compartment (coarser than 3. Sieve Analysis Laboratory Procedure (1) Take approximately a 100 gram split of a sample. Select the calibration sample size that matches the sieve aperture size. 6 7/2/2012 RRQ Noel Pidde #14828 9 Percent Passing #200 Sieve Divided by Percent Passing 1 in. This test method does not cover, in any detail, procurement of the sample. crushed aggregate base may require that the sieve analysis and material passing the No. 01 SECTION INCLUDES A. Gradation is determined by passing the material through a series of sieves stacked with progressively smaller openings from top to bottom and weighing the material retained on each sieve. 75 mm sieve = 167 gm. This number also corresponds to the opening size. Mechanical sieving is most suitable where the majority of the particles are larger than about 75 µm. Should we use the same test sample Cl 17 and C136 for an aggregate with a. 075mm and Atterberg Medium : 5 kg Limits ( LL, PI, LS ) Coarse : 25 kg Very coarse : 50 -100 kg Foundation Indicator Determination of sieve A1 - A5 (incl Hydrometer) analysis to 0. NEES1 The users of sugar, especially the commercial users, are making increased demands for sugars of various types based on grain size. If needed, the amount of test material that passed through each sieve is calculated from these results. ATT-25/13, SIEVE ANALYSIS. AIM: To determine the particle size distribution of fine and coarse aggregates by sieving as per IS: 2386 (Part I) - 1963. Exercise 6: Using EXCEL to plot and calculate statistics. The moisture content of soil if above 5% it is to be measured and recorded. Grain Size Distributions A grain size distribution plot is a special purpose graph generally used to depict the results of a sieve analysis, commonly known as a "gradation test". Description. Material Aggregate Aggregate No. Calculate the cumulative percent passing through the nth sieve = i=n percent fmer = 100 - L Rn 1=1 (4. The sieve analysis can be performed on different type of granular materials including sands, crushed rock, clays, granite, feldspars, coal, soil, a wide range of manufactured powders, grain and seeds, down to a minimum size depending on the exact method. Gradation is determined by passing the material through a series of sieves stacked with progressively smaller openings from top to bottom and weighing the material retained on each sieve. (3) Calculate the percent passing (or percent finer) by starting with 100 percent and subtracting the percent retained on each sieve as a cumulative procedure. 2 Samples weighing 3,000 g or more shall be sieved through 406. Recorded mass of material retained on appropriate sieve? 6. Sieve (if. c u = d60 d10. When the specifications require percent passing, record the weights retained on each sieve individually. Calculate the fineness modulus and. For further analysis a fresh portion of the fraction passing 4’75-mm IS Sieve shall be taken, 3. Table 4-2 gives the results of a sieve analysis of a ï¬ ne aggregate, along with the calculations of percent retained, cumulative percent retained, and 30 A Manual for Design of Hot Mix Asphalt with Commentary Figure 4-1. 075 mm in diameter, and (2) hydrometer analysis - for particle. Necessary calculations are then made to provide a detailed analysis of the particle size distribution, including weight retained, percent retained, and percent passing, giving you accurate sieve results in a matter of seconds. 5 Weigh the portion retained on the first sieve and record the mass as W 1 under Section 6. CALCULATION 1. sieve, 70-80% passing 1. This method uses sedimentation and decantation as the means for determining the percent passing 13. If a material is described as -40 mesh,. Present results by plotting particle size vs. 32 Page 5 of 46. 1 for fine and coarse aggregate sizes superimposed. Calculate the combined percent passing each other sieve as described in Section 3. Can calculate percentages passing, the percentages retained, and the total percentages retained to the nearest 0. 95 is divided by 33. You can determine that 55% of the sample is smaller than the #8 sieve because 55% of the sample passed through the #8 sieve. Know and perform calculation for amount of material passing 75-μm sieve by washing Know and demonstrate the reporting requirements for percentage of material passing 75-μm sieve AASHTO T 27/ASTM C136 – Standard Method of Test for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates Understand scope of test method. " "Data for the percent passing sieve numbers are used to classify the soil in the engineering classification and to make judgements on soil properties and performance. crushed aggregate base may require that the sieve analysis and material passing the No. 1 % sand, and 9. , breadth or width). 2 Method B— The percentage (by mass) passing each sieve size is recorded to the nearest 0. Maximum Size. A sieve analysis test is a procedure to separate fine material from course material by means of a series of woven or perforated surfaces. Particle Size Distribution D50 is also known as the median diameter or the medium value of the particle size distribution, it is the value of the particle diameter at 50% in the cumulative distribution. Sieve) and Hydrometer Analysis Soil Classification Sieve No. Now calculate the percentage of the weight retained on each sieve. It is calculated by performing sieve analysis with standard sieves. and figure 3. Start studying AASHTO T27 Sieve Analysis of Fine & Coarse Aggregates. Step-1 (Calculate Fineness Modulus of Fine Aggregate) Sieve the fine aggregate using sieves ranging from 80 mm to 150 micron. ASTM D422 explains about the procedure of grain size distribution analysis. Several mechanisms are used to disperse the sample and transport. 075 mm in diameter, and (2) hydrometer analysis - for particle. coarser, and 50% of the material by weight is finer. Specific Gravity and. The limiting amount by percent weight of the total sample should pass No. 42499999999999999 0. Please help!!. 3 Corrected Sample Weight. 5 mm) sieve. It denotes the percentage of that particular fraction present in the aggregate sample. The next step is to calculate what is called the percent passing or the percent finer. Percentages sand/silt. All lumps are broken into individual particles. crushed aggregate base may require that the sieve analysis and material passing the No. Determine the mass of soil retained on each sieve. This size distribution was found using sieve analysis, passing a known quantity of coal through sieves of decreasing size using various durations (5, 10, 15, and 20 min) in a sieve shaker; then measuring the quantity of coal left in each sieve and calculating the percentage of coal that fell between that sieve size. Calculate the percentage of water on the as-received basis to the nearest 0. Graph the gradation curve (Grain size, D (mm) vs. Sand Equivalent per ASTM D2419: 25 minimum. Then in the next step calculate the percentage of the weight retained on each sieve. 10 (2 mm) sieve shall contain less than 7 percent clay and have less than 20 percent that passes the No. Simplified Method for Soil Particle-Size Determination to Accompany Soil-Quality Analyses T. 50 sieve having a standard 20. Particle Size Conversion Table. sieve: 100 % : Cumulative percent passing the 1 in. The analysis should be repeated if the above equation is not satisfied. mininglab KATE 12,741 views. Cumulative percentages add a percentage from one period to the percentage of another period. Percent passing = percent passing the next largest sieve - percent retained on sieve. 16 7 88 No. gINT Lab - Sieve Analysis Report Form. R = Accumulative weight of mineral aggregate retained on sieve T = Total weight of extracted mineral aggregate F. The smaller size fractions, silt and clay both of which pass the 75µm (#200) sieve, are determined by hydrometer analysis. Weigh and record the amount of particles >4. SieveGraph - sieve and hydrometer analysis and graphing software Scientific Software Group is the premier provider of groundwater software, environmental software, groundwater modeling software, surface water modeling software, hydrology software, hydraulic engineering software, geotechnical software, borehole log software, surface mapping and contouring software, bioremediation, natural. determines the percentages passing the 425 µm, 75 µm and 13. A discussion about sieve analysis could be. The individual % of grams retained, cumulative % retained & cumulative % passing will be calculated. 15 Report results to the nearest 1% of total mass of sample. The D50 is the size in microns that splits the distribution with half above and half below this diameter. Place the sample on the top sieve and agitate the sieves by mechanical sieve shaker for a sufficient period so that after completion, not more than one percent by weight of the residue on any individual sieve will pass that sieve. 5 mm (3/8 in. Run the sieve analysis test for both fine and coarse aggregate; Calculate and adjust the percentage passing from each sieve; Define wet weight and constant weight, understand methods to reduce drying time, and calculate and report moisture content; Realize the difference between fractured surface and non-fractured surface. 45 power gradation chart. 3) Note: If soil retained on No. ) Calculate the uniformity coefficient, Cu. 4999999999999997E-2 0. How to operate your MAJSx The Mikro Air Jet Sieve™ MAJSx is a highly accurate and reliable particle size analyzer designed for identifying the particle size distribution of dry powder ranging from 20 µm / # 635 (mesh) to 4,750 µm / # 4 (mesh). It is desirable to have a method of plotting, in which equal distances on the plot represent equal, ratios of diameter, or, if we had been able to match the Rittinger scale precisely in getting the various sizing-screens, the data would be plotted at equal intervals on the horizontal scale, thus compressing the curve at the large end, and. Now calculate the percentage of the weight retained on each sieve. determined by hydrometer analysis, will not be permitted. How to Plot Semi Log Graph for Sieve Analysis. 4 SIEVE NOTE: Save all material until calculations are completed in case a check is necessary &RQWUDFW ,' Item Class 3URMHFW 1R Pit name Station Test no. Mechanical analysis is the determination of the size range of particles present in a soil, expressed as a percentage of the total dry weight. Wet Sieving: If the soil contains a substantial quantity (say more than 5%) of fine particles, a wet sieve analysis is required. Determine the percentage passing through each sieve. Calculate the percent retained and passing each sieve to the nearest 0. Data is entered using spreadsheet style controls. 200) Group classification A-1 A-3 A-2 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 A -1a A b 24 A 56 A 7 A-7-6 Sieve analysis percent passing No. 42 then times 100 = 8. c u = d60 d10. Soil passing 4. Sieve analysis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. ' Report based on data obtained from International Association for Cereal. presented in the Third Edition, related to gradation analysis, as follows: USBR 5325 Performing Gradation Analysis of Gravel-Size Fraction of Soils USBR 5330 Performing Gradation Analysis of Fines and Sand-Size Fraction of Soils, Including Hydrometer Analysis USBR 5335 Performing Gradation Analysis of Soils Without Hydrometer - Wet Sieve. A loss of more than two percent is unsatisfactory. 5 0-20 19 0-5 13. Shotâd we use the same test sample C117 and C136for an aggregate with a nominal r S size of inch or less?. The sieve analysis determines the gradation (the distribution of aggregate particles, by size, within a given sample) in order to determine compliance with design. Exercise 6: Using EXCEL to plot and calculate statistics. Weigh and record the whole sample. There are two methods generally used to find the particle-size distribution of soil: (1) sieve analysis - for particle sizes larger than 0. 200) sieve shall be determined on a portion of the sample passing a sieve smaller than the nominal maximum size of the aggregate, separate the sample on the designated sieve and determine the mass of the material passing the designated sieve to 0. The D50 is the size in microns that splits the distribution with half above and half below this diameter. Particle size analysis by sieving 4. separation of the soil on the No. 75-mm) sieve. 1 CDOT Form #564, Soils and Aggregates Sieve Analysis When Splitting on the No. The first process is less capital intensive, but purely manual and labour intensive and prone to human errors. 4) sieves and larger. 075mm and Atterberg Medium : 5 kg Limits ( LL, PI, LS ) Coarse : 25 kg Very coarse : 50 -100 kg Foundation Indicator Determination of sieve A1 - A5 (incl Hydrometer) analysis to 0. In this exercise we will use the capabilitiesof EXCEL to plot and calculate the statistics of a set of data. No ASTM 57 aggregate stone is smaller than a No. Sieve size (mm) % passing by mass 63 100 53 85-100 37. 1-mm) 3/4-in. Next the bottom sieve (+4 phi) is inverted and brushed. Excessive sand may result in the deposition of a thick filter cake on the wall of the hole, or may settle in the hole about the tool when circulation. Sieving is one of the oldest methods of classifying powders and granules by particle size distribution. d) For each sieve size used, compute N i, the percentage by mass of the soil sample that is finer than the ith sieve size. Calculate the cumulative weight of aggregate retained on each sieve. This item shall govern base, level up, and pavement surface courses composed of a compacted mixture of aggregate and asphaltic cement mixed hot in a mixing plant. Calculate the cumulative percent of soil retained on the n th sieve, = S Rn. those passing a No. Background. Expand your Outlook. percent retained to percent passing each sieve. The apparatus required for sampling aggregates and performing sieve analysis will be as stated in. Das Chapter 2 Problem 2. The sieve analysis / grain size analysis is a test used in civil engineering to access the particle size distribution of a granular material. Sieves used in the app for fine aggregates is the most common. Ontario Provincial Standards For Roads & Public Works. The sieve analysis / grain size analysis is a test used in civil engineering to access the particle size distribution of a granular material. The material passing the 75-μm (No. 200) sieve is dried, weighed and the mass recorded. Percent passing = percent passing the next largest sieve - percent retained on sieve. ballast samples 3. Sand equivalent tests shall be performed in accordance with California Test 217. Gradation - Calculations - Wisc-Online OER This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. 10 sieve known, as well as the weight of the original sample, both the percentage retained on, and the percentage passing through, the No. Select the calibration sample size that matches the sieve aperture size. When the percentage of material passing the 75 μm (No. 200 (75 µm) sieve as specified in KT-3, dry to a constant mass. Mechanical sieving can be used to separate coarse grains from soil separates, to divide sand separates into classes, and to separate sand fractions from silt and clay fractions in the soil. 1 10 8-mesh 90 0. 075 mm) sieve since the washing helps remove these small particles from the larger particles. DCC 2042 Brickworks and Concrete Laboratory - sieve analysis test. 5 Weigh the portion retained on the first sieve and record the mass as W 1 under Section 6. hydrometer analysis. 425 mm sieve April 2016 1. A loss of more than two percent is unsatisfactory. Low pressure inside the sieve chamber is generated by an industrial vacuum cleaner and the sucked. tained on the No. b) WET AND DRY SIEVE ANALYSIS IS: 2720 (Part 4) – 1985 (Reaffirmed-2006) THEORY: Soil gradation (sieve analysis) is the distribution of particle sizes expressed as a percent of the total dry weight. 5 mm) sieve divided by the weight of the material retained above the No. 4) , the mass retained on any sieve at the completion of the sieving operation should not exceed 6 kg/m2 (4 g/in. Total percent finer = F x fine-grained percent in the total soil mass. 0 mm) sieve. 200) sieve • Determine dry mass of washed sample • Sieve sample through coarse sieves, 4. 5 mm 100 12. When using a woven sieve cloth, the sieving will essentially sort the particles by their intermediate size dimension (i. 00% Calcium Carbonate Equivalent (CCE) 90. Weigh and record the mass. _____ Sample No. Calculate the cumulative percentage of retained aggregate on each sieve. To find the mesh size, place a ruler along any length of wire on the screen. In this example, we have a frac sand testing project, and the following information from the spreadsheet is explained: - Sieve mesh sizes - Retention on. d) For each sieve size used, compute N i, the percentage by mass of the soil sample that is finer than the ith sieve size. Conduct sieve analysis. 10 sieve and the other containing all particles passing through the No. For particle size distributions the median is called the D50 (or x50 when following certain ISO guidelines). Plasticity Index. 0 introduces a simplified data entry interface. Therefore, for base and subbase aggregates where permeability is important for drainage and frost resistance, many agencies will specify a maximum percent-by-weight passing for this sieve. ATT-25/13, SIEVE ANALYSIS. Stone size and sieve size are related (the sieve size is basically the minimum size the stone can be), but a stone size is actually an allowable range of sizes. Cumulative percent passing the 1 1/2 in. sieve analysis when the sample dried to constant weight prior to sieving. in any direction, of eight inches. The largest sieve that retains some of the aggregate particles but generally not more than 10 percent by weight. 200) sieve. Clean each sieve as it is emptied and return the sand to the stock. Chapter 26 Gradation Design of Sand and Gravel Filters Part 633 National Engineering Handbook Issued October 1994 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimina-tion in its programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, and marital or familial status. % of total sample pass No. 1 Measurement of particle size distribution (PSD) The most fundamental method of soil characterization is the measurement of particle size distribution (PSD). 1 CDOT Form #564, Soils and Aggregates Sieve Analysis When Splitting on the No. 200 sieve). 0053 cm, or 0. Another way that a gradation result can be shown is percent retained. 4 sieve (for general specific-gravity results). The Sieve Analysis and Hydrometer tests are presented on one page and either test may be done without the other. At the end of a sieve analysis, when there is very little powder passing from one sieve to another, the particles that do pass have a very narrow size distribution corresponding to the effective cut size of that sieve for that particular powder. Please help!!. The Grain size distribution lab was separated into a sieve analysis and a hydrometer analysis. The limiting amount by percent weight of the total sample should pass No. In a sieve analysis, a coarse-grained soil sample is shaken through a series of woven-wire square-mesh sieves. The next step is to calculate what is called the percent passing or the percent finer. 075 mm sieve. PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY. 5 mm 100 12. Series 1-1/2-in. The combined result of the coarse and fine analysis are plotted on a semi-logarithmic graph of the form show in figure 1. When this is the requirement, calculate these percentages by multiplying the percent passing each sieve as required by the specification by the percent passing the No. Alternatively, the sample may be passed through a mechanical crusher with apertures of 2 mm to obtain the material <2 mm. Using the sieve analysis result below, the fineness modulus can be cal-culated. 200 (75 µm) sieve (A) by dividing the difference of the original dry sample weight (B) and the weight of sample after washing and drying (C) to a constant weight by the original dry sample weight (B) and multiplying by 100. _____ Sample No. Plasticity Index. Particle Size Conversion Table. 1) Carry out the sieve analysis using the sieves given in the Table 4. Sieve analysis shall be performed in accordance with California Test 202. ( times 100 will convert decimal to percent). Note that to gain more accuracy, it might be worth doing 2 or 3 analyses of the same sand and then take the average reading. • Sieve washed sample • Calculate and report percent retained and passing each sieve Method B • Determine original dry mass of the sample • Wash over a 75 µm (No. 2 Wet Sieve Analysis 3. hitting the sieve with a hammer will damage the sieve. Most of the work was conducted in the sieve size range No. ) sieve to the dry weight of the total sample. Gradation is determined by passing the material through a series of sieves stacked with progressively smaller openings from top to bottom and weighing the material retained on each sieve. Count the number of rows of mesh squares within that measured 1-inch-square space. The table outlines the standard, an alternate and the recommended sizes. Understanding sieve analysis of sand 1. 5 mm 100 12. passing the 75-µm (No. 26 *100 = 17. Record to the nearest 0. Over a clean pan, hand sieve until not more than one percent, by weight, of the material retained on the sieve continues to pass through the sieve. Present results by plotting particle size vs. However, with the addition of lime the percent passing the #30 through #200 sieve sizes shows a change. (75 mm) should be hand-sieved. CALCULATION 1. 3 Dry Loose Bulk Density Ib. When material passing the No. This shows that even a small amount of particles passing the. When this is the requirement, calculate these percentages by multiplying the percent passing each sieve as required by the specification by the percent passing the No. How to estimate Sand Silt and Clay percentage according to USDA soil texture classification if Gravels are present in the soil ? (e. Sieve Analysis Laboratory Procedure (1) Take approximately a 100 gram split of a sample. (2) Calculate the percent retained on each sieve by dividing the weight retained on each sieve by the original sample mass. DCC 2042 Brickworks and Concrete Laboratory - sieve analysis test. 36 mm) sieve. 200 (75 µm) sieve (A) by dividing the difference of the original dry sample weight (B) and the weight of sample after washing and drying (C) to a constant weight by the original dry sample weight (B) and multiplying by 100. Let n = the number of data points, in this case 3. It is calculated by performing sieve analysis with standard sieves. WORKSHEET FOR SIEVE ANALYSIS OF FINE AND COARSE AGGREGATE AASHTO T 11 AND AASHTO T 27 MOISTURE DETERMINATION PERCENT PASSING No. When the percentage of material passing the 75 μm (No. The washed sieve analysis takes longer but produces a more accurate gradation, particularly the percent passing the No. and from these results, the percent passing through each of the sieves is calculated as illustrated in the following Table. The percent of soil. The first process is less capital intensive, but purely manual and labour intensive and prone to human errors. Calculate the cumulative percent passing through the n th sieve, = Percent finer = 100 - S Rn or 100 - Column 7. After screen and pan weights have been determined, add them together and calculate percentages retained on each screen and pan. (3) Calculate the percent passing (or percent finer) by starting with 100 percent and subtracting the percent retained on each sieve as a cumulative procedure. Method C - As-received Grading Pass the sample (dried in accordance with AASHTO T 27) through a No. Retained 10 Max. Gradation of stone and rock is found by ASTM C136, the Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates. Time elapsed for the sieving process is 3-5 minutes and should not be less than 3 minutes. Particle size analysis by sieving 4. Gradation - Calculations - Wisc-Online OER This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. hitting the sieve with a hammer will damage the sieve. [76-mm] to No. Part-II: Fine Sieve Analysis of Soil. AASHTO T11, Percentage of Material Finer than #200 by use of a wash test AASHTO T27, Dry Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregate AASHTO T11 and AASHTO T27, Wet Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregate _____. 36 mm) sieve. Refer to the section, 2. I am wanting to create a formula that counts the scores that are passing (>69) in the column then give me the percent passing. Material will be accepted on the basis of a Magnesium Sulfate Soundness Loss after four (4) cycles of 20 percent or less. "Mass Fraction Analysis" is used to determine large-to-medium size particle distribution in a sample. Calculate the cumulative weight of aggregate retained on each sieve. For further analysis a fresh portion of the fraction passing 4’75-mm IS Sieve shall be taken, 3. divided by the total weight to give a percentage retained on each sieve. • Sample sizes when determining only the amount passing the #200. Such a function. Necessary calculations are then made to provide a detailed analysis of the particle size distribution, including weight retained, percent retained, and percent passing, giving you accurate sieve results in a matter of seconds. I could then calculate the percent finer using the different thicknesses of the apparent layers vs the total thickness of settled sediments. This calculator calculates the grain fineness number using cumulative percentage weight retained values. To estimate the amounts. A sieve analysis consists of using a single or set of screens (typically woven wire mesh), decreasing in opening size, to separate or classify a sample. In a sieve analysis, a coarse-grained soil sample is shaken through a series of woven-wire square-mesh sieves. The smaller size fractions, silt and clay both of which pass the 75µm (#200) sieve, are determined by hydrometer analysis. Examine it briefly with a hand lens or microscope and make appropriate notes about its character. 10 sieve and the other containing all particles passing through the No. Sieving is one of the oldest methods of classifying powders and granules by particle size distribution. 200 (75 µm) sieve (A) by dividing the difference of the original dry sample weight (B) and the weight of sample after washing and drying (C) to a constant weight by the original dry sample weight (B) and multiplying by 100. Sieve Tests and Fineness Modulus of Granulated Sugar A. (7) Percent Passing= 100%- Cumulative Percent Retained (3) Mass of Soil Retained= (Mass Sieve + Soil)-Mass Sieve (4) Total Mass= Summation of all the soil masses Note: For Sieve #4, the cumulative mass retained of the previous sieve size is zero.